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Strabismus is a vision condition in which a person cannot align both eyes simultaneously under normal conditions.
One or both of the eyes may turn in “cross eyed” (esotropia), out “wall eyed” (extropia), up (hypertropia) or down (hypotropia).
An eye turn may be constant (when the eye turns all of the time) or intermittent (turning only some of the time, such as under stressful conditions or when ill). Whether constant or intermittent, Strabismus always requires appropriate evaluation and treatment.
The causes most often develop in infants and young children, although it can occur in adults. It is estimated that up to 5 percent of all children have some type or degree of Strabismus.
Treatment for Strabismus
In most cases the problem does not improve on its own as the child grows. Treatment varies depending on the cause of the eye-turning and may include:
- Vision Therapy (Non-surgical approach)
- Eye muscle surgery
Vision Therapy can in some instances correct the Strabismus muscle. Surgery can sometimes straighten the eyes and a program of Vision Therapy is often necessary to restore full visual functions.
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Strabismus may be caused by:
Inadequate development of eye coordination in childhood
Excessive Farsightedness (hyperopia) or differences between the vision in each eye
Problems with the eye muscles that control eye movement
Head trauma, stroke, or other general health problems